The word is kokutai (national essence).  Like the Nazi councils they were copying, this was part of a program to create a classless national unity. (1982:92), It clearly stated its purpose: to overcome social unrest and to develop a new Japan. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. 902 Kokutai (902 Ku) Rabaul, Guam, Truk. By enact of the Constitution of the State of Japan (3 May 1947), Tenno's sovereignty and the lèse-majesté were repealed. Kokutai was an evocative term that referred to the national essence or the fundamental character of the Japanese nation and people. Born on March 8, 1926, at a farmhouse in Sasayama, Hyogo Prefecture, he enlisted in the Imperial Navy and started flight training at the Tsuchiya Kokutai (naval air group) on April 1, 1942.. Tomokazu Kasai, a World War II Japanese naval ace, died in Amagasaki City, Japan on January 9, 2021, from chronic heart failure.He was 94. Among nationalists of the late 19th and early 20th cents., a term referring to the Shinto-Confucian idealization of the Japanese nation-state. インターナショナル, 国際的, 世界的. Katō Hiroyuki (1836–1916) and Fukuzawa Yukichi (1835–1901) were Meiji period scholars who analyzed the dominance of Western civilization and urged progress for the Japanese nation. A most wonderful question! He popularized the word kokutai in his 1825 Shinron (新論 "New Theses"), which also introduced the term Sonnō jōi ("revere the Emperor, expel the barbarians"). Japanese history. Kokutai — (Kyūjitai: 國體, Shinjitai: 国体, lit. Kokutai, National Essence, the “native Japanese”, eternal, and immutable aspects of their polity, derived from history, tradition, and custom, and focused on the Emperor. national body/structure ) is a politically loaded word in the Japanese language, translatable as national identity; national essence; national character or national polity; body politic; national entity; basis… … Wikipedia. This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 22:59. According to the Hanyu Da Cidian, the oldest guoti usages are in two Chinese classic texts. , "Japanist" unions endeavoured to win support by disavowing violence and pledging support for nation and emperor. https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/kokutai, "Kokutai Tracking. In 1327 Emperor Go-Daigo gave the temple the name Kokutai-ji, and Jiun Myoi became Seisen Zenji. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). Meiji (mā´jē), 1852–1912, reign name of the emperor of Japan from 1867 to 1912; his given name was Mutsuhito. More meanings for 国際 (Kokusai) international adjective. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. In this understanding, the modern system of government under the Meiji Constitution, derived this time from foreign sources, was nothing more than another form of Japanese government, a new seitai. The Kokutai is a huge annual athletic event designed to promote physical fitness for Japanese citizens. Fukuzawa Yukichi was an influential author translator for the Japanese Embassy to the United States (1860). (January 12, 2021). sokusha-ho - high-velocity gun (37mm AT gun) hohei-ho - infantry gun kyokusha-hohei-ho - 'high-angle infantry gun', namely mortars operated by infantrymen. 国体 “Kokutai” in the sense of “basis of the sovereignty” into the Meiji Period, or “body of the country”, or “sovereignty in the hands of the Tennou”. By this time the originally Confucian notions of loyalty and filial piety had come to be regarded as native Japanese virtues, and in 1937 these virtues were propounded in a work entitled Kokutai no hongi (Essentials of the national polity) as the cardinal principles of Japanese national morality. The Constitution of the Empire of Japan of 1889 created a form of constitutional monarchy with the kokutai sovereign emperor and seitai organs of government. The word is also a short form of the (unrelated) name for the National Sports Festival of Japan. Hirohito Kokutairon and Pure Socialism (1906), otherwise known as The Theory of Japan's National Polity and Pure Socialism (国体論及び純正社会主義), is a radical socialist treatise written by Kita Ikki in critique of the Japanese Meiji Government. On September 20, 1942 at Rabaul the Genzan Kōkūtai figher complement of 36 A6M Zeros was expanded to 60 A6M Zeros and redesignated the 252 Kōkūtai (252 Ku) as a seporate fighter air group. 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