ötvenharmadik: fifty-third: fog bölcsességfog {noun} third molar: harmadosztály {noun} third class: tört. [20] In response, Daun sent a relief force of his own into Saxony, only to have it destroyed by Prince Henry's Prussians at the 25 September Battle of Hoyerswerda. [4] At the same time, though, Maria Theresa, who had been disappointed with Britain's performance as her ally in the War of the Austrian Succession, took the controversial step of pursuing warmer relations with Austria's longstanding rival, the Kingdom of France. [106], After the renewed disappointment of the Third Silesian War, a second wave of Theresian reforms ensued. Most closely associated with British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, it is now widely discredited as a policy of weakness. … [5]:313, Austria was not able to retake Silesia or realize any other territorial gains. [25], Contemporary engraving celebrating the restoration of peace in Germany, The return to territorial status quo ante meant that none of the belligerents in the Silesian War gained the prizes they had aimed at: Prussia was unable to keep any part of Saxony, while Austria failed to recover its lost province of Silesia. Elector Augustus of Saxony was also King of Poland–Lithuania and could call on the resources of that realm to advance his interests in Germany. The warring powers in Central Europe had essentially fought to a stalemate. [10] Frederick judged that his dynasty's claims were credible,[1] and he had inherited from his father a large and well trained Prussian army and a healthy royal treasury. [90], Prussia's unexpected victory over the Habsburg Monarchy set it apart from German rivals such as Bavaria and Saxony,[91] marking Prussia's rise to the status of a European great power,[87] as well as the leading power of Protestant Germany. However, the demands of both the Austrian and Russian armies proved beyond Austria's capacity, and, in practice, the Russians received little in the way of supplies from the Austrians. Feb 16, 2020 "would be" <~~?? The Silesian Wars (German: Schlesische Kriege) were three wars fought in the mid-18th century between Prussia (under King Frederick the Great) and Habsburg Austria (under Archduchess Maria Theresa) for control of the Central European region of Silesia (now in south-western Poland). 2nd Silesian War (1744-1745) The Austrians attempt to get-back the lost province. [5]:215–219 Frederick the Great’s personal reputation was enormously enhanced, as his debts to fortune (Russia’s volte-face after Elizabeth’s death) and to British financial support were soon forgotten, while the memories of his energetic leadership and tactical genius were strenuously kept alive. [5] After the Catholic victory in the 1621 Battle of White Mountain, the Emperor confiscated Johann Georg's duchy and refused to return it to his heirs after his death, but the Hohenzollerns of Brandenburg continued to assert themselves as the legitimate rulers of Jägerndorf. [25] By the end of January 1741 almost the entirety of Silesia was under Prussian control, and the remaining Austrian strongholds of Glogau, Brieg and Neisse were besieged. [78] After Kunersdorf Frederick had briefly believed the war totally lost, but the coalition's internal conflicts and hesitant leadership gave Prussia a second chance, an event that Frederick later termed the "Miracle of the House of Brandenburg". pp. The First Silesian War (German: Erster Schlesischer Krieg) was a war between Prussia and Austria that lasted from 1740 to 1742 and resulted in Prussia's seizing most of the region of Silesia (now in south-western Poland) from Austria. This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 03:31. In a 19th-century engraving, Prussian and Austrian lines face off at the Battle of Freiberg. Prussian forces surprised and scattered an Austrian corps in the Battle of Liegnitz, preserving their control of Silesia. He sent 5,000 troops from the siege to reinforce a 19,000-man army under the Duke of Brunswick-Bevern at nearby Kolín. Prussia cited its centuries-old dynastic claims on parts of Silesia as a casus belli, but Realpolitik and geostrategic factors also played a role in provoking the conflict. [8]:454 Without sufficient force to resist Daun's advance, the Prussians decided to attack the Austrian positions. After this loss, the Prussians broke off the siege and withdrew from Moravia, abandoning their final major invasion of Austrian territory of the war.[16]:148–155. [38] So, on 7 August 1744 Prussia declared its intervention in the ongoing conflict on behalf of Emperor Charles Albert, and Frederick led soldiers across the frontier into Bohemia on 15 August, beginning the Second Silesian War. Login with Facebook [9]:41 On 7 September, Austrians under Charles of Lorraine advancing into Upper Lusatia defeated a Prussian force at the Battle of Moys, killing Prussian commander Hans Karl von Winterfeldt. [9]:90 His small kingdom had held its own while being simultaneously invaded by Austria, Russia, Sweden, and (for a time) France, an accomplishment that appeared miraculous to contemporary observers. She was succeeded by the ardently pro-Prussian Peter III of Russia, who immediately recalled his armies from Berlin and Pomerania and made peace with Prussia by the Treaty of Saint Petersburg on 5 May. [1] The defeated Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria nevertheless fully intended to retake the lost province and reassert Austria's hegemony in the Holy Roman Empire; after peace was restored, she set about rebuilding her armed forces and seeking out new alliances. [21], With most of Prussia's forces in Silesia, the Russians under Count Saltykov and Austrians under General Lacy briefly occupied Berlin in early October, where they demanded ransoms, seized arsenals and freed prisoners of war. Fantastic War. Iberian Peninsula. The Third Silesian War (1756–1763) was one theatre of the global Seven Years' War, in which Austria in turn led a coalition of powers aiming to seize Prussian territory. Seven Years' War Events With its northern and eastern flanks now completely secure and Russian reinforcements enlarging its army, Prussia concentrated all of its remaining strength against Austria. The conflict over Silesia foreshadowed a wider Austro-Prussian struggle for hegemony over the German-speaking peoples, which would later culminate in the Austro-Prussian War of 1866. [45][43] On 23 November Frederick surprised the Austrian invaders in the Battle of Hennersdorf, confusing and scattering the larger Austrian force. Prince Ferdinand was to advance on the town of Chemnitz, while the Duke of Brunswick-Bevern was to traverse Lusatia to seize Bautzen. [108] Aiming to increase the peasantry's ability to contribute to the state's tax base, Maria Theresa issued a series of Robot Patents between 1771 and 1778 restricting forced peasant labour in her German and Bohemian lands, and her son would carry the process further with his Serfdom Patent. [11] Learning of the attack on Prague, Austrian commander Leopold von Daun advanced from the east with a force of 30,000 men. The First Silesian War (1740–42) and the Second Silesian War (1744–45), which were significant events in the War of the Austrian Succession (seeAUSTRIAN SUCCESSION, WAR OF THE), led to the seizure of most of Silesia by Prussia. [26] In November the principal belligerents agreed to an armistice in Saxony and Silesia,[1] while Prince Henry's army pursued some Reichsarmee forces into Franconia and raided pro-Austrian principalities in the Empire. [9]:37 On 21 April the column led by the Duke of Brunswick-Bevern encountered an Austrian corps led by Count Königsegg near Reichenberg; the ensuing Battle of Reichenberg ended in a solid Prussian victory, and the Prussian force continued to advance toward Prague. Instituted in the hope of avoiding war, appeasement was the name given to Britain’s policy in the 1930s of allowing Hitler to expand German territory unchecked. Another Austrian victory in Saxony at the 4 December Battle of Meissen ended the campaigning year.[21]. A second "Miracle of the House of Brandenburg" had occurred.[19]:457–459. [5]:198–199, Map of the Central European region where the bulk of the war was fought, King Frederick's broad strategy had three parts. … [97] His small kingdom had defeated the Habsburg Monarchy and defended its prize against Austria, Britain, Saxony, Russia, Sweden, and France, an accomplishment that appeared miraculous to contemporary observers. [8]:428 At the Battle of Lobositz on 1 October, Frederick prevented the isolated Saxon army from being reinforced by an Austrian army under General Browne. In the autumn Austrian forces began a counter-advance into Prussian-controlled Saxony and Silesia, while a combined French and Reichsarmee force under the Prince of Soubise approached the theatre from the west. At the time, the Habsburg King Ferdinand I of Bohemia (Silesia's feudal overlord) rejected the agreement and pressed the Hohenzollerns to repudiate it. In this 19th-century painting, defeated Prussians withdraw as Russians take control of Kolberg. Upon his death she duly became ruler of Austria, as well as of the Bohemian and Hungarian lands within the Habsburg Monarchy. In the end, negotiators agreed again on a return to the status quo ante bellum, confirming Prussia's control of Silesia in the Treaty of Hubertusburg in February 1763. Previous Page Third Punic War : Back to First Page. Habsburg Monarchy cedes the majority of Silesia to Prussia. The Prussians occupied Saxony in late 1756 and made large advanc… 0 0; Mark. [61] In 1756 these efforts led Austria to abandon its alliance with Britain in favour of a new Franco-Austrian alliance, while Prussia and Britain entered a defensive alliance by the Convention of Westminster, completing a diplomatic reordering of the European powers known as the Diplomatic Revolution. 18th-century European armies were built around units of massed infantry armed with smoothbore flintlock muskets and bayonets. The Third Silesian Uprising conducted by Poles broke out in 1921. Deprived of men, the Prussian defenders resorted to harassing convoys to delay the enemy advance, executing a number of successful raids. The Prussians occupied Saxony in late 1756 and made large advances in Bohemia in early 1757, winning a series of battles while advancing to Prague. In 1806 the Prussians were shattered by Napoleon's French at the Battle of Jena; only after a series of reforms motivated by the disasters of 1806–1807 did Prussian military power again begin to grow. The Saxon and Austrian armies were unprepared, and their forces were scattered. Military stalemate and Prussian diplomatic victory. [74] The city was well defended, and by late June the Prussians' supplies were exhausted. When the Prussian territories were reorganized upon the Congress of Vienna, the … Maria Theresa's contested succession to the Habsburg Monarchy under the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 provided an opportunity for Prussia to strengthen itself relative to regional rivals such as Saxony and Bavaria. [23] In return, he offered to guarantee all other Habsburg possessions against any attack, pay a large cash indemnity,[24] acknowledge the Pragmatic Sanction, and give his vote as elector of Brandenburg to Maria Theresa's husband, Duke Francis Stephen of Lorraine, in the forthcoming imperial election to replace the deceased Charles. [5]:204–205 In the summer, Frederick led his main force back into Silesia and engaged Daun's army on 21 July near Burkersdorf; the Prussian victory in the Battle of Burkersdorf led to the recovery of most of Silesia from Austrian control. As Austria and Russia made open preparations for renewed war, Frederick became convinced that Prussia would be attacked in the spring of 1757; rather than wait for his enemies to move at a time of their choosing, he resolved instead to preemptively invade the neighboring Electorate of Saxony, which he believed (incorrectly) was a secret party to the coalition against him. Elizabeth feared that Prussia's growing power would obstruct the path of Russia's westward expansion and saw Frederick's kingdom as a rival for influence in the Commonwealth of Poland–Lithuania. On 16 January 1756, Prussia and Britain agreed to the Convention of Westminster, under which Prussia now undertook to guarantee Hanover against French attack, in return for Britain's withdrawal of its offer of military subsidies to Russia. [3] In 1603, Hohenzollern Elector Joachim III Frederick of Brandenburg separately inherited the Silesian Duchy of Jägerndorf from his cousin, Margrave George Frederick of Brandenburg-Ansbach, and installed his second son, Johann Georg, as duke. By late June the city's defenses were badly damaged, but the Prussian army's supplies were likewise low. In the spring of 1760, Austrians under Laudon advanced in Lower Silesia, besieging the fortress at Glatz on 7 June. [22] Armies were generally unable to sustain combat operations during winter and normally established winter quarters in the cold season, resuming their campaigns with the return of spring. The fall of Kolberg cost Prussia its last port on the Baltic Sea,[13]:492 and it gave Russia a way to supply its armies in Central Europe by sea, rather than overland through Poland. Decisive field battles were relatively rare, though they played a larger part in Frederick's theory of warfare than was typical among his contemporary rivals. The First Silesian War (1740–42) and the Second Silesian War (1744–45) formed parts of the great European struggle called the War of the Austrian Succession (see Austrian Succession, War of the). These conflicts provoked a broad realignment in the European diplomatic system of the time, establishing an Austria–Prussia rivalry that would define German politics for a century until after the Austro-Prussian War of 1866. [17][18], Meanwhile, Prince-Elector Charles Albert of Bavaria and Prince-Elector Frederick Augustus II of Saxony had each married one of Maria Theresa's older cousins from a senior branch of the House of Habsburg, and they used these connections to justify claims to Habsburg territory in the absence of a male heir. [47] For its part in the Austrian alliance, Saxony was compelled to pay one million rixdollars in reparations to Prussia. [57] Her Chancellor Friedrich Wilhelm von Haugwitz oversaw a dramatic reform of the realm's systems of taxation, which funded a significant expansion of Austria's field armies. Back to Wars, Battles & Revolutions - Main Page : Next Page Thirty Years' War : People in History People in History A … Within a few weeks of the Battle of Rossbach, the Prussian army crossed Silesia and decisively defeated the Austrians at Leuthen, outside of Breslau. Read Wikipedia in Modernized UI. 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[20] In response, Daun sent a relief force of his own into Saxony, only to have it destroyed by Prince Henry's Prussians at the 25 September Battle of Hoyerswerda. [4] At the same time, though, Maria Theresa, who had been disappointed with Britain's performance as her ally in the War of the Austrian Succession, took the controversial step of pursuing warmer relations with Austria's longstanding rival, the Kingdom of France. [106], After the renewed disappointment of the Third Silesian War, a second wave of Theresian reforms ensued. Most closely associated with British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, it is now widely discredited as a policy of weakness. … [5]:313, Austria was not able to retake Silesia or realize any other territorial gains. [25], Contemporary engraving celebrating the restoration of peace in Germany, The return to territorial status quo ante meant that none of the belligerents in the Silesian War gained the prizes they had aimed at: Prussia was unable to keep any part of Saxony, while Austria failed to recover its lost province of Silesia. Elector Augustus of Saxony was also King of Poland–Lithuania and could call on the resources of that realm to advance his interests in Germany. The warring powers in Central Europe had essentially fought to a stalemate. [10] Frederick judged that his dynasty's claims were credible,[1] and he had inherited from his father a large and well trained Prussian army and a healthy royal treasury. [90], Prussia's unexpected victory over the Habsburg Monarchy set it apart from German rivals such as Bavaria and Saxony,[91] marking Prussia's rise to the status of a European great power,[87] as well as the leading power of Protestant Germany. However, the demands of both the Austrian and Russian armies proved beyond Austria's capacity, and, in practice, the Russians received little in the way of supplies from the Austrians. Feb 16, 2020 "would be" <~~?? The Silesian Wars (German: Schlesische Kriege) were three wars fought in the mid-18th century between Prussia (under King Frederick the Great) and Habsburg Austria (under Archduchess Maria Theresa) for control of the Central European region of Silesia (now in south-western Poland). 2nd Silesian War (1744-1745) The Austrians attempt to get-back the lost province. [5]:215–219 Frederick the Great’s personal reputation was enormously enhanced, as his debts to fortune (Russia’s volte-face after Elizabeth’s death) and to British financial support were soon forgotten, while the memories of his energetic leadership and tactical genius were strenuously kept alive. [5] After the Catholic victory in the 1621 Battle of White Mountain, the Emperor confiscated Johann Georg's duchy and refused to return it to his heirs after his death, but the Hohenzollerns of Brandenburg continued to assert themselves as the legitimate rulers of Jägerndorf. [25] By the end of January 1741 almost the entirety of Silesia was under Prussian control, and the remaining Austrian strongholds of Glogau, Brieg and Neisse were besieged. [78] After Kunersdorf Frederick had briefly believed the war totally lost, but the coalition's internal conflicts and hesitant leadership gave Prussia a second chance, an event that Frederick later termed the "Miracle of the House of Brandenburg". pp. The First Silesian War (German: Erster Schlesischer Krieg) was a war between Prussia and Austria that lasted from 1740 to 1742 and resulted in Prussia's seizing most of the region of Silesia (now in south-western Poland) from Austria. This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 03:31. In a 19th-century engraving, Prussian and Austrian lines face off at the Battle of Freiberg. Prussian forces surprised and scattered an Austrian corps in the Battle of Liegnitz, preserving their control of Silesia. He sent 5,000 troops from the siege to reinforce a 19,000-man army under the Duke of Brunswick-Bevern at nearby Kolín. Prussia cited its centuries-old dynastic claims on parts of Silesia as a casus belli, but Realpolitik and geostrategic factors also played a role in provoking the conflict. [8]:454 Without sufficient force to resist Daun's advance, the Prussians decided to attack the Austrian positions. After this loss, the Prussians broke off the siege and withdrew from Moravia, abandoning their final major invasion of Austrian territory of the war.[16]:148–155. [38] So, on 7 August 1744 Prussia declared its intervention in the ongoing conflict on behalf of Emperor Charles Albert, and Frederick led soldiers across the frontier into Bohemia on 15 August, beginning the Second Silesian War. Login with Facebook [9]:41 On 7 September, Austrians under Charles of Lorraine advancing into Upper Lusatia defeated a Prussian force at the Battle of Moys, killing Prussian commander Hans Karl von Winterfeldt. [9]:90 His small kingdom had held its own while being simultaneously invaded by Austria, Russia, Sweden, and (for a time) France, an accomplishment that appeared miraculous to contemporary observers. She was succeeded by the ardently pro-Prussian Peter III of Russia, who immediately recalled his armies from Berlin and Pomerania and made peace with Prussia by the Treaty of Saint Petersburg on 5 May. [1] The defeated Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria nevertheless fully intended to retake the lost province and reassert Austria's hegemony in the Holy Roman Empire; after peace was restored, she set about rebuilding her armed forces and seeking out new alliances. [21], With most of Prussia's forces in Silesia, the Russians under Count Saltykov and Austrians under General Lacy briefly occupied Berlin in early October, where they demanded ransoms, seized arsenals and freed prisoners of war. Fantastic War. Iberian Peninsula. The Third Silesian War (1756–1763) was one theatre of the global Seven Years' War, in which Austria in turn led a coalition of powers aiming to seize Prussian territory. Seven Years' War Events With its northern and eastern flanks now completely secure and Russian reinforcements enlarging its army, Prussia concentrated all of its remaining strength against Austria. The conflict over Silesia foreshadowed a wider Austro-Prussian struggle for hegemony over the German-speaking peoples, which would later culminate in the Austro-Prussian War of 1866. [45][43] On 23 November Frederick surprised the Austrian invaders in the Battle of Hennersdorf, confusing and scattering the larger Austrian force. Prince Ferdinand was to advance on the town of Chemnitz, while the Duke of Brunswick-Bevern was to traverse Lusatia to seize Bautzen. [108] Aiming to increase the peasantry's ability to contribute to the state's tax base, Maria Theresa issued a series of Robot Patents between 1771 and 1778 restricting forced peasant labour in her German and Bohemian lands, and her son would carry the process further with his Serfdom Patent. [11] Learning of the attack on Prague, Austrian commander Leopold von Daun advanced from the east with a force of 30,000 men. The First Silesian War (1740–42) and the Second Silesian War (1744–45), which were significant events in the War of the Austrian Succession (seeAUSTRIAN SUCCESSION, WAR OF THE), led to the seizure of most of Silesia by Prussia. [26] In November the principal belligerents agreed to an armistice in Saxony and Silesia,[1] while Prince Henry's army pursued some Reichsarmee forces into Franconia and raided pro-Austrian principalities in the Empire. [9]:37 On 21 April the column led by the Duke of Brunswick-Bevern encountered an Austrian corps led by Count Königsegg near Reichenberg; the ensuing Battle of Reichenberg ended in a solid Prussian victory, and the Prussian force continued to advance toward Prague. Instituted in the hope of avoiding war, appeasement was the name given to Britain’s policy in the 1930s of allowing Hitler to expand German territory unchecked. Another Austrian victory in Saxony at the 4 December Battle of Meissen ended the campaigning year.[21]. A second "Miracle of the House of Brandenburg" had occurred.[19]:457–459. [5]:198–199, Map of the Central European region where the bulk of the war was fought, King Frederick's broad strategy had three parts. … [97] His small kingdom had defeated the Habsburg Monarchy and defended its prize against Austria, Britain, Saxony, Russia, Sweden, and France, an accomplishment that appeared miraculous to contemporary observers. [8]:428 At the Battle of Lobositz on 1 October, Frederick prevented the isolated Saxon army from being reinforced by an Austrian army under General Browne. In the autumn Austrian forces began a counter-advance into Prussian-controlled Saxony and Silesia, while a combined French and Reichsarmee force under the Prince of Soubise approached the theatre from the west. At the time, the Habsburg King Ferdinand I of Bohemia (Silesia's feudal overlord) rejected the agreement and pressed the Hohenzollerns to repudiate it. In this 19th-century painting, defeated Prussians withdraw as Russians take control of Kolberg. Upon his death she duly became ruler of Austria, as well as of the Bohemian and Hungarian lands within the Habsburg Monarchy. In the end, negotiators agreed again on a return to the status quo ante bellum, confirming Prussia's control of Silesia in the Treaty of Hubertusburg in February 1763. Previous Page Third Punic War : Back to First Page. Habsburg Monarchy cedes the majority of Silesia to Prussia. The Prussians occupied Saxony in late 1756 and made large advanc… 0 0; Mark. [61] In 1756 these efforts led Austria to abandon its alliance with Britain in favour of a new Franco-Austrian alliance, while Prussia and Britain entered a defensive alliance by the Convention of Westminster, completing a diplomatic reordering of the European powers known as the Diplomatic Revolution. 18th-century European armies were built around units of massed infantry armed with smoothbore flintlock muskets and bayonets. The Third Silesian Uprising conducted by Poles broke out in 1921. Deprived of men, the Prussian defenders resorted to harassing convoys to delay the enemy advance, executing a number of successful raids. The Prussians occupied Saxony in late 1756 and made large advances in Bohemia in early 1757, winning a series of battles while advancing to Prague. In 1806 the Prussians were shattered by Napoleon's French at the Battle of Jena; only after a series of reforms motivated by the disasters of 1806–1807 did Prussian military power again begin to grow. The Saxon and Austrian armies were unprepared, and their forces were scattered. Military stalemate and Prussian diplomatic victory. [74] The city was well defended, and by late June the Prussians' supplies were exhausted. When the Prussian territories were reorganized upon the Congress of Vienna, the … Maria Theresa's contested succession to the Habsburg Monarchy under the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 provided an opportunity for Prussia to strengthen itself relative to regional rivals such as Saxony and Bavaria. [23] In return, he offered to guarantee all other Habsburg possessions against any attack, pay a large cash indemnity,[24] acknowledge the Pragmatic Sanction, and give his vote as elector of Brandenburg to Maria Theresa's husband, Duke Francis Stephen of Lorraine, in the forthcoming imperial election to replace the deceased Charles. [5]:204–205 In the summer, Frederick led his main force back into Silesia and engaged Daun's army on 21 July near Burkersdorf; the Prussian victory in the Battle of Burkersdorf led to the recovery of most of Silesia from Austrian control. As Austria and Russia made open preparations for renewed war, Frederick became convinced that Prussia would be attacked in the spring of 1757; rather than wait for his enemies to move at a time of their choosing, he resolved instead to preemptively invade the neighboring Electorate of Saxony, which he believed (incorrectly) was a secret party to the coalition against him. Elizabeth feared that Prussia's growing power would obstruct the path of Russia's westward expansion and saw Frederick's kingdom as a rival for influence in the Commonwealth of Poland–Lithuania. On 16 January 1756, Prussia and Britain agreed to the Convention of Westminster, under which Prussia now undertook to guarantee Hanover against French attack, in return for Britain's withdrawal of its offer of military subsidies to Russia. [3] In 1603, Hohenzollern Elector Joachim III Frederick of Brandenburg separately inherited the Silesian Duchy of Jägerndorf from his cousin, Margrave George Frederick of Brandenburg-Ansbach, and installed his second son, Johann Georg, as duke. By late June the city's defenses were badly damaged, but the Prussian army's supplies were likewise low. In the spring of 1760, Austrians under Laudon advanced in Lower Silesia, besieging the fortress at Glatz on 7 June. [22] Armies were generally unable to sustain combat operations during winter and normally established winter quarters in the cold season, resuming their campaigns with the return of spring. The fall of Kolberg cost Prussia its last port on the Baltic Sea,[13]:492 and it gave Russia a way to supply its armies in Central Europe by sea, rather than overland through Poland. Decisive field battles were relatively rare, though they played a larger part in Frederick's theory of warfare than was typical among his contemporary rivals. The First Silesian War (1740–42) and the Second Silesian War (1744–45) formed parts of the great European struggle called the War of the Austrian Succession (see Austrian Succession, War of the). These conflicts provoked a broad realignment in the European diplomatic system of the time, establishing an Austria–Prussia rivalry that would define German politics for a century until after the Austro-Prussian War of 1866. [17][18], Meanwhile, Prince-Elector Charles Albert of Bavaria and Prince-Elector Frederick Augustus II of Saxony had each married one of Maria Theresa's older cousins from a senior branch of the House of Habsburg, and they used these connections to justify claims to Habsburg territory in the absence of a male heir. [47] For its part in the Austrian alliance, Saxony was compelled to pay one million rixdollars in reparations to Prussia. [57] Her Chancellor Friedrich Wilhelm von Haugwitz oversaw a dramatic reform of the realm's systems of taxation, which funded a significant expansion of Austria's field armies. Back to Wars, Battles & Revolutions - Main Page : Next Page Thirty Years' War : People in History People in History A … Within a few weeks of the Battle of Rossbach, the Prussian army crossed Silesia and decisively defeated the Austrians at Leuthen, outside of Breslau. Read Wikipedia in Modernized UI. 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